A Canadian Family: Blond and Metis

Yesterday, I talked about my experience filling out the 2011 Census last May. When faced with the task of listing my children’s ethnic origins, I wrote simply Canadian. This was in contrast to my efforts to actually list the countries that my own ancestors came from, and my husband’s classification as Metis. Today, I’m going to be talking about Jon’s ancestry – including the Metis bit – in a lot more detail.

While my ancestors arrived in North America in the very late 1800s and early 1900s, my husband’s family has much deeper roots on this continent. His paternal grandmother’s family first arrived in Canada aboard the Hector in 1773. The passengers on that ship landed in Pictou, Nova Scotia, which has been called the “birthplace of New Scotland” because they brought a culture that influenced the entire province. We visited the town in 2004 and saw a replica of the ship, and all that I can say is that things must have been pretty bad in Scotland for 200 people to cram aboard a vessel that size and flee.

Amber in front of the Hector Heritage Quay
Me, standing in front of a replica of the Hector in Pictou, Nova Scotia

The immigrants aboard the Hector were not the first of Jon’s family to arrive in North America, though – not by a long shot. Jon’s great-great-great-great-great-grandfather, Magnus Twatt left the Orkney Islands and moved to York Factory, in what was called Rupert’s Land, around the same time as his other ancestors set sail aboard the Hector. Magnus worked for the Hudson’s Bay Company, in a place with few other Europeans, and even fewer European women. He married a Cree woman named Margaret, and they had three children. This marriage formed the foundation of my husband’s Metis family.

The descendents of Magnus Twatt married other Metis, so Jon undoubtedly has other First Nations ancestors. In fact, one of Magnus Twatt’s descendents actually founded the Sturgeon Lake First Nation in Saskatchewan. That wasn’t Jon’s branch of the family, though. Jon’s branch comes through Magnus’s daughter Elizabeth Twatt, who married Alexander Bremner. Their son Charles is Jon’s great-great-great-grandfather. Things get interesting when we start to look at Charles Bremner’s story.

The Metis people are a distinct people in Canada, who claim mixed First Nations heritage. Typically, their fathers were European, and their mothers were First Nations, like Magnus and Margaret. The children were in an interesting position, caught between two worlds. They were very successful in the fur trade, since they were familiar with the land and its inhabitants, but they weren’t always given the same rights as full-blooded Europeans. Their status wasn’t clear, and the government tried to take away their land, which was when Louis Riel emerged as a Metis leader, and conflict erupted.

Charles Bremner wasn’t a huge fan of Louis Riel, and in an effort to stay away from the strife around the Riel uprising he moved his family to Battleford, Saskatchewan. He didn’t escape unharmed, however. In 1885 the militia police took Charles and other Metis prisoner, and stole their furs and other possessions, even though they were non-participants in the conflict. Charles sued the government, and eventually received compensation in the form of $5000, but it came some years later, and the experience left him permanently scarred.

Charles Bremner’s grandson, Roderick Caplette, is Jon’s great-grandfather. He married a woman of Swiss ancestry, and they had five children who all grew up in the Battleford area. My husband’s family’s Metis ancestry is clear, and his cousins and siblings have applied for and received Metis status through multiple Metis groups. We were under the impression for some time that his was the last generation that would qualify for status. However, Jon’s cousin has a daughter, and his uncle decided to see if she could receive status as well, and it looks as if she can. If his cousin’s daughter can be considered Metis, then so can our children. Our very, very blond children.

Capping off the day with sno kones
The Metis members of my family, enjoying sno kones

We’re seriously considering pursuing Metis status for our children. The biggest – and most compelling – reason to do this would be to help connect them to their ancestry. But in the interests of full disclosure one other reason to consider it is that Metis status can bring certain perks. For instance, there is the possibility that Hannah and Jacob could have part of their post-secondary schooling paid for. As people with Metis ancestry, I would like them to have the choice of assuming membership within that community, which I understand comes with both rights and responsibilities.

Knowing that I may be pursuing some kind of Metis recognition for my children, when I filled out Hannah’s school forms this year I ticked the Metis box, thereby informing them of my daughter’s aboriginal ancestry. This isn’t unique, by the way – Wikipedia says that up to 50% of Western Canadians have some aboriginal ancestry, which means they could be considered Metis if they can make a reasonable case on their behalf. However, since so few people self-identify as Metis, not many people tick the box. Since I did, I got a call from school asking if I wanted Hannah to participate in activities for children with First Nations heritage.

I haven’t fully investigated the activities at this point, so I don’t have a complete picture, but as I understand it children are pulled out of class for an hour or so, once every couple of weeks. They learn about their heritage and participate in cultural activities. I decided to ask Hannah what she thought, and she wants to go. Apparently another girl in her class attends, and so Hannah thinks it would be fun. I’ve seen the other girl, though, and she has obvious First Nations ancestry, unlike my kidlet.

I’m feeling torn. On the one hand, I would like my daughter to learn about her heritage. I want her to understand her culture – especially if there’s a possibility she could apply for and receive some benefits by claiming that heritage. On the other hand, I feel vaguely ridiculous signing my extremely blond child up for special activities designed to connect First Nations children with their roots, when her First Nations ancestry lies in her dim and distant past. I’m honestly not sure what to do. I’m tempted to hold my decision until Hannah actually gets status (if that does in fact happen), because I would feel even sillier if she’s been participating in classes when she doesn’t qualify as Metis.

It’s an interesting conundrum – a Canadian conundrum. Does one branch of your family trump another? How much Metis, Scottish, French, Chinese or German ancestry does one need to lay claim to that heritage? Does a blond-haired, blue-eyed white kid belong in a class dedicated to strengthening her ties to First Nations culture? I’m not sure there are any actual answers to any of those questions. What do you think?

Edited to add: The decision about what benefits of Metis citizenship – including educational grants – my children may take advantage of is not mine to make. By the time they make those decisions, they will be adults. As their mother, all that I can do is connect them to their community, and help ensure they are educated enough on the issues to make their own decisions. Who knows what the situation will be in 12 years’ time, when Hannah is ready to embark on her post-secondary schooling? I don’t. But being aware of the potential benefits that could come to my children, as well as the sense of identity and responsibilities that come with those benefits, I would like to help them make the connection now while they are still young.

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  1. I am Metis too. I’ve never pursued this aspect of my heritage (In terms of some of the perks) because I found out much after my student loans were paid off. My dad was adopted and it took until his early 50s to uncover much of the info I have (which is primarly hearsay since everyone involved in dead). My dad’s wife (his third) is entitled to all of my dad’s records, but I am not – a fact that annoys me. In order to get to the records such as long form birth certificates etc, I have to go through her. And I elect not to go through her. She’s moved on since my dad’s death, and we weren’t exactly “friends” before then and my timid earlier efforts were ignored. I still think of doing it, now for Kale’s benefit than anything though so I don’t really know where I am. I’d be curious to chat more with you about this – perhaps at the Crafternoon?
    Jen’s last post … Big Orange KittehMy Profile

    • I’d love to chat with you. The truth is we’ve had the kids’ records handed to us on a golden platter, so I’ve had a much easier time of it than you. Family politics are HARD, yo.

  2. Rodrigo Valenzuela says:

    It always feels happy to get back to your roots or to places where your ancestors lived. Our family history and culture often impact our personalities. The relocations they make ultimately decide where we are going to be.
    Rodrigo Valenzuela’s last post … Primeros tips para conquistar a un hombreMy Profile

  3. Hi Amber. I have mixed feelings about this issue. On the one hand, I think it’s great that your kids could explore their Metis ancestry. Why not have them recognized as Metis? It’s a relevant and interesting part of their heritage, and from that point of view I say go for it. On the other hand, I’m a bit… troubled… by the notion of children obtaining free or heavily subsidized post-secondary education based on very, very, distant First Nations ancestry, none of the sufferings of which appear to have caused any detrimental effects to the children’s actual, personal lives. I sense from your blog that you’re grappling with aspects of that issue as well… Anyway, I personally take no issue whatsoever with the government paying for First Nations post-secondary education, and I support the program, but I guess my feeling is that morally speaking, tuition payment should be claimed only by persons of FN heritage who can claim that their own lives have actually been affected by harm inflicted on their families. From the description you’ve given in your blog, it doesn’t seem that your kids have had any such harm so far, and it’s pretty unlikely they will in the future… However, of course at the end of the day, this will be your children’s decision as to whether or not to take advantage of subsidized university tuition, so at this point the discussion is hypothetical! Anyway, interesting blog, and lots of food for thought for your family.
    Karen Munro’s last post … The shifting balanceMy Profile

    • I am grappling with those issues, for sure. But I do want to make a couple of quick points.

      (1) It’s not an entirely free education (Metis are treated differently than those with full First Nations Status on all counts), it’s a subsidy.
      (2) It’s actually not paid by the government directly, it’s handled through the Metis organization itself. They receive funding, which they then allocate to their various programs, including this one. Does it ultimately come from the government? Yes. But a whole lot of non-profit groups receive government funding for programs for their members, from my local arts council to groups that run after-school programs to provincial Metis councils, so I don’t see this as accepting a government handout in the same way.

      I’m actually looking to my husband on this one, since this isn’t my heritage. While I have personal discomfort, he has much less. I am somewhat inclined to defer to the person who has the Metis roots, and who has a direct family connection through his grandmother, who is still alive and also feels that her great-grandchildren should receive some benefits.

    • I’ve got similar feelings to Karen. As a “Canadian” of a similar stripe to yourself, it’s an awesome thing to discover one’s cultural heritage to explore and experience.

      But I also grew up in a community very close to many First Nations communities, where a number of my classmates enjoyed gaming the system to reap as many of the benefits of their Status as they could (eg. brand new cars, bought with their “sustenence fishery” profits, purchased tax-free by having it “bought by” and delivered to a relative who lived on the reserve, or showing up for attendance only at school, to ensure they’d get the bonus cheque for attending classes as a First Nations kid) while they clearly did not need them.

      It’s a hard thing to see as a teenager working fast-food to save up enough for post-secondary school, to watch these other middle-class kids who haven’t experienced any more or different hardship than myself in their day-to-day, take advantage of benefits for “wrongs to their people” that has had little to no effect on them.
      Of course, systemic racism, etc. is a different challenge, but it’s suffered by people of all races and isn’t a problem unique to First Nations kids that I think they deserve special compensation for it.

      In short, it’s very cool for your kids to learn about and explore their Metis culture. In the grand tradition of the Canadian melting pot, it’s great for every cultural group to be able to do this.

      But in terms of the “perks,” these programs are widely marketed to anyone of First Nations status, because if the program starts to have too few members, it will be cut, and a few people will suffer (including the program administrators who’ll need new jobs). But money for those programs, spent outside the original intent, is a waste of our tax dollars and taking away from programs that really could use the budget as far as I’m concerned.
      Jen’s last post … EuroTrip2011 – Part the Fourth – Paris SightseeingMy Profile

      • Most First Nations citizens of Canada are not middle class, they live at or below poverty in substandard housing with substandard education opportunities. Many don’t even have potable drinking water.

        They have been grievously injured by the residential school system which is directly responsible for sexual abuse, substance abuse and family dysfunction.

        It will take many generations to repair the injury.

  4. Here in the states you have to be at least 1/8 Native American to claim any benefits of any k ind. I’m 1/32. My grandmother could have gotten grants and scholarships, etc. I can’t. It’d be nice if I could, but, being a blonde, blue-eyed middle-class American woman isn’t exactly a disadvantage, though I would have love to learn more about my Cherokee ancestor if given the opportunity. Thing is, we know nothing about her. Just that she married an Irishman.
    Jessica – This is Worthwhile’s last post … Time, wishes, and raindropsMy Profile

  5. First, I’m totally jealous that you know all that history!

    My husband teaches Native American history in the U.S. (though he is not native). He has a coworker who is Ojibwe and teaches Ojibwe language. I don’t know what percentage she is but it’s enough to qualify as a tribe member. She has the whitest skin and blondest hair possible. So don’t let that part hold you back.

    I can understand wanting to wait until you know she officially qualifies. But even if she doesn’t, it’s her heritage and she is interested in it. So I’m leaning toward letting her go.
    Jen’s last post … Cake pops how-to workshop with Beki CookMy Profile

  6. Wow – that is fascinating. My father was told by our family eye doctor that he had an eye condition that is particular to people of Métis extraction, but – but man, your kids are SO WHITE. πŸ™‚ I’m not weighing in on the nuances of accepting benefits. And if you volunteered that Jon’s ancestors’ surname was Twatt thinking I wouldn’t be able to resist, well, I’m resisting. With all my smart-ass might, I’m resisting.
    allison’s last post … Blissful, Joyful, Delighted, GratifiedMy Profile

  7. Yeah, don’t worry about the colour of your kids hair and eyes at all in making this decision! Most kids with blonde hair have mostly lost it by the time they are old enough for post-secondary education anyway:) I’ve known several status First Nations women with blonde hair and blue eyes, and since I work in HR I see employee files and am aware that more people than you’d know in the Lower Mainland have first nations or Metis heritage. I love the idea of introducing kids to any “cultural” traditions and activities though, and kind of think it’s a shame that these two girls have to get pulled out of class instead of this information being shared with all the kids.

    Oh and for my two cents, your children haven’t been disadvantaged by their Metis status, and it doesn’t sound like previous recent generations were either, but like you say, Jon is the Metis, so let Jon take this issue!

    • It is the norm for children to be pulled out of class for special programs, including enrichment activities for gifted students, speech therapy, behavioural therapy, and so on. These programs are all specially funded only for students who qualify, and the First Nations program is no different.

      • I got pulled out for, uh “gifted” stuff constantly as a kid and eventually hated the attention it drew…and my husband and other friends were pulled out for help with reading and speech and had the same reaction. I think as long as Hannah doesn’t mind feeling “different” this way, great! The other thing is that to me it makes sense to pull kids out for help or even enrichment, but a cultural activity seems like something the whole class could enjoy and benefit from.

        • I’m inclined to agree, but it seems the two programs are handled in the same way. I imagine it’s a challenge in public education – providing enrichment activities, arts programming, computer time, gym, etc. while also covering the academic programming. I’m less fussed about the academics and would like to see more cultural and enrichment programming, but I’m sure other parents have their own priorities, as well.

  8. I think getting the kids Metis status is great. It will create a link with their heritage and an opportunity to learn about the ways in which Metis people have in the past, and continue to be, discriminated against.

    That said, I don’t think you should take advantage of the financial benefits available for post-secondary education. I teach at UBC law school where we now have the largest cohort of First Nations law students (including Metis) in Canada. Our intake this year was over 20 students. As I’ve got to know these students, I am constantly amazed that they have been able to attend to law school. Many come from extremely challenging circumstances, have had to shoulder burdens that are beyond the average Canadian’s comprehension, and have a deep commitment to using their legal skills to help their own Nations or Aboriginal and Metis interests more broadly. ALL of them struggle financially and there are some, every year, who struggle to continue in school because of a lack of financial support. I think it would be really sad if a young person as needy as many of our students was deprived of assistance because others, with a distant connection and no personal harm, were accessing some of the available funds. The pot is finite. It’s getting smaller. Leave it to those who truly need it. They will make a difference that will be profound for their communities and the lives of Aboriginal Canadians.

    • I just edited my post for clarity’s sake on the educational funding issue.

      It would not be me taking advantage of financial benefits (I certainly don’t qualify), and it would not be my decision to make on my children’s behalf, either. They will be adults by the time that decision would be made. All that I can do is connect them to their community, help them to understand the issues, and ensure they are informed about both the rights AND the responsibilities that membership in that community entails.

      Having said that, I pay taxes myself. I’m also concerned about access to education, and I don’t want to see benefits taken from those who truly need them. All the same, I don’t think it’s my decision who receives what type of grant. I think it’s up to the people who administer programs to create qualification criteria that reflect the intention of the program, and then make appropriate selections. If the true intention of Metis educational grants is to right wrongs and level the playing field (which I’m assuming is the intention, but I don’t actually know for certain), then I would hope that administrators craft a program to achieve that objective, whether you’re talking about my kids or someone else’s.

  9. Extremely interesting and complex. “Metis” is often seen as a distinct culture, and it’s not uncommon for Metis people to be blonde or blue-eyed (maybe not to quite the extent of your kids). I imagine if your kids went to a school with a strong Metis population (prob Quebec), the activites would be Metis. Deep inside all of this is the complexity of race and culture and how it is viewed as an ‘external’ thing – as in how your look rather than part of a historical culture. And …
    harriet Fancott’s last post … Giving ThanksMy Profile

    • That’s an interesting take, and spot on. If I happened to be of darker colouring (like, say my ancestors came from a Mediterranean country instead of a Nordic country), my kids would be no more Metis, but they might LOOK the part better. And what would that really mean?

  10. Hi there!
    i just thought you would like a little insight into what its like to be a white-blonde metis girl in school πŸ™‚

    i got my status card while i was in the fourth grade, and soon after i was enrolled in my schools first-nations program. At first, i was excited! I knew i was metis, and i grew-up in a foster home with other first-nations kids and i got along great with them πŸ™‚ after a while though i came to realize that there wernt many (if all) classes that included metis heritage, me living in the fraser valley and the classes mostly encompassed Sto:lo teachings and their ancestors. when i first entered the portable on my schools property dedicated to the first nations program one thing was so blaringly apparent i had to take a step back; not one other person looked like me at all. i had seen that there were going to be a few other metis students, and i had never really got to meet another metis person before so i had thought that they would look more like me, but i was wrong. and i wasnt the only one who noticed. other students looked at me like i was lost, and even the teacher asked me what i was doing there, but after a while i came to know some of the other kids and we became friends- i told them about my ancestery and they shered thers, and i didnt have much problem fealing comfortable in my class, though i didnt get to learn much of my own history. later on i went through some teenage angst and died my hair dark brown, but it didnt last long and im gald i had the opportunity to learn about a great culture πŸ™‚


  11. Hi Amber,
    Just a few ideas to help you decide.
    Metis culture is as different from First Nations culture as Japanese is from Chinese. You cannot make someone who is culturally Chinese suddenly become Japanese, and you cannot make someone who is culturally white suddenly become Metis nor First Nations. You are either born into it or you are not.

    Having Native American ancestors makes one biologically Metis, but there are as many biologically Metis people as there are people who descend from native ancestors. Most of them who descend from gggg grandparents are culturally white, for many many political and social reasons.

    You can be biologically Metis, culturally Metis, or both, and this does not have anything to do with being blond or blue eyed. Genetics being unpredictable, Metis families have both native and nordic looking people.

    For example, a First Nations person marries a European. Their child is biologically Metis, but if they grew up with First Nations culture, then culturally they are not Metis. If they grew up white, then they are culturally not Metis. Metis culture grew out of the community blending from the fur trade. To be culturally Metis means to have been raised in a household where your culture directly descends from the fur trade and the culture that was practiced by Metis. I was raised in such a household, in such a community of extensive kinship. My father is white but the culture I grew up in is Metis.

    First Nations and Metis communities have many social and economical problems, and my feeling on the subject is that children who have a serious lack of resources should be getting such educational funding, not children who have parents that can afford to put them through school. So leave it up to your conscience, but getting Metis status cards should be about pride for a person’s ancestry and/or culture, and not about getting a financial break. It would be like an adopted child who discovers their biological family, then discovers that family is worse off financially than the adopted, then they ask if they can get something from them. Only you can decide if you want them to learn First Nations culture or if you would prefer they learn Metis culture, but while they are similar, they are not the same. If you want your child to learn Metis culture, there are many places on the web that teach pieces of it. Depending on where you live, there are Metis groups that can help. They are very accomodating and because of fear, shame, hiding, residential schools, etc, many Metis lost their culture. These groups help Metis people identify again by teaching their culture. They are generally not exclusive about helping in that regard so don’t let fear stop you from exposing your children to that part of their heritage. Good luck.

    • My husband’s family definitely descends directly from the fur trade and from Metis culture. However, since moving to BC it has no longer been immersed in that culture. Since the fur trade no longer exists in the same way as it did in the past, and since many people have moved across Canada, I would guess this is the case for more and more families.

      Since writing this post my husband has received his status card and is connecting with our local Metis community. My decision remains the same now as it did then – I am deferring to the Metis members of my family in this matter. I don’t feel that I have either the right or the responsibility to decide for them what it means to be Metis.

      Also, on the financial front, I would say that if someone happened to be completely culturally Metis, or First Nations, and also financially well-off, that we can’t deny them financial benefits. Just as we give EI benefits to anyone on maternity leave regardless of need, I don’t think that we should apply financial criteria to a program that doesn’t already contain them. While I have not made any decisions around my children, as they’re really not my decisions to make, the truth is I certainly have not turned down universal childcare benefits, for instance, even though I could get by without them.

      I think the sensitive thing here would be getting a card JUST so that you can get money. In re-reading this post, I can see that I communicated that I was doing that, and that was a mistake. It’s also untrue. I agree that would be wrong. However, I also think that if anyone could get some sort of financial benefit for their children, they would be lying if they said it wasn’t at least one factor in their decision.

  12. I agree with your comments except for the last line.

    My daughter could get scholarships but since her father and I can afford to help her through school, (along with her working part-time), I have forbidden her to try for any of them, and she also does not want to take any funding that other students would need.

    So we are an example of people who are not lying when we say it was not a factor in the decision to get Metis status cards.

    • That’s fair. I’m glad you’ve come up with a system that’s working for your family.

      On a personal note, I put myself through school through a combination of work and scholarship money. Some of the scholarships were awarded automatically – for example, I got scholarships from the provincial government based on high school achievement and scholarships because I kept my GPA up during university. Declining these would not have resulted in needier people getting the scholarships – it simply would have resulted in the next person in line getting them, based on academic achievement. Or, perhaps, the money being re-allocated to another program altogether because it was not being used. The fact that I had a single mother and came from a lower-income family was never a factor in whether or not I got a scholarship, and it wouldn’t have been for the other people who got the money, either.

      I think it’s important to draw a distinction between programs based on need – such as bursaries – and those based on other factors, such as scholarships and grants. Scholarships and grants are not necessarily based on financial need. They may be intended to attract high-achieving students to the benefit of the university, reward hard work, or encourage people to pursue certain avenues of study. It’s obviously a decision for you and your (adult) children to make if they should pursue them, but if everyone declined them, it wouldn’t necessarily serve the greater good.

  13. Regardless of whether it is justified that someone gets funding, my point was that the decision to get Metis status for us was about celebrating, practicing and safeguarding our rich Metis culture by passing it on to our children and bringing them up in our culture.

    It is also about standing up and being counted, after years of denial, shame and fear, making us accountable as Native Americans, and giving and getting respect. It is about educating others on what it means to be Metis, and setting an example for others so understanding can occur, and hopefully dispelling old myths and stereotypes.

    It is about safeguarding our right to harvest – – even such things as plants for food and medicine could someday be at risk.

    But it is not about getting a handout.

    • I understand all of that, and I agree that pursuing Metis status should not be about seeking a handout. It should be about much more than that.

      On the scholarship front, I was talking about scholarships in general – not scholarships tied to Metis status. Although I think the points I made would apply in that case, as well. If financial need isn’t a factor in determining who receives something, you can’t know that your decision to decline it results in someone who needs it more receiving it.

      Thanks so much for taking the time to comment.

  14. Thanks too for your comments. It’s a long road for many families that are reconnecting with their Metis roots and have lost parts of their culture. I applaud you for standing up and encouraging your children to embrace their heritage. It will bring some exciting and fun cultural activities and I wish you the best in your journey!

  15. ps – don’t feel ridiculous that you would enroll your blonde children in aboriginal culture classes. I’ve lived next to First Nations people for a long time and there are several of them that are blue eyed blondes. Also, I have a blue-eyed, blond brother who was a trapper and we lived more of a Metis lifestyle than most. In fact, he’s more culturally Metis than some of the native looking males in our family.

  16. Susan Shacter says:

    Hi Amber, I have just finished reading, The Other Side of Rebellion, the Remarkable Story of Charles Bremner and his Furs.What an amazing book about an amazing story! I am also descended from Elizabeth Twatt. My great great grandmother was Ellen Bremner (married Thomas Swain). Ellen was a sister to Charles Bremner. I guess that makes your husband and I distant cousins. My name is Susan Shacter, originally Susan Foulds. I am also a descendant of Alexander Taylor, one of the other original families in Bresaylor. After reading the story of Charles Bremner I am thrilled to stumble across his descendants! Such a very sad story. I read that Elizabeth Twatt died during the time that Charles Bremner and his family, including his mother, Elizabeth, were being held captive on Poundmaker Reserve. I am wondering if Elizabeth was buried on Poundmaker Reserve or if she was buried in Bresaylor. I am planning a trip to Bresaylor this coming summer. I’m looking very forward to seeing where our ancestors lived. Nice to meet you, even if through the internet.

    • Nice to meet you, too!

      • D. Ken Shaw says:

        Hello,…It has always bothered me how someone from French Ancestry dating back in Canada to 1641 is not a,… ‘Recognized & Distinct Group’…….With Benefits ??
        This is where my dislike for Metis stems from.
        I am quite sure one of My Ancestors has sex with a 1st. Nation.
        Can I prove it…..Well,…..can you find out who of your many, many ancestors humped a different nationality 500 years ago…….. ??

        I am not one to so blunt,…but WTF….? Why is there nothing for Acadians ??

        It would be so sweet for Metis to, ‘Take up the Torch’, and fight for Benefits for Acadians !

        You folk got yours, by fighting, & some damn good luck…,.
        …My French Descendants actually worked well with Your Native Ancestors.

        The British F*ked Things Up Totally !! ‘ F*king Bastards ‘ say Acadians !
        In 1755 + Natives Kept Us Acadians hidden from the British….We thank Them !!
        So now you see my side. Blond, Blue eyed Folk with Metis Benefits from only a cuppla centuries ago is hard to swallow. It would sweet to have the same as you folk.

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